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17/08/2019
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Perspectivas / Perspectives

Pakistan's Prime Minister ensures protection of Religious Minorities

I hope and pray that the Prime Minister can really put his declarations of intent into practice, since as religious minority in Pakistan we need the protection of our people and places of worship’.– Bishop Samson Shukardin OFM

Christians suffer from institutionalized discrimination, illustrated by the fact that occupations seen as low, dirty and derogatory are officially reserved for Christians. Many Christians are very poor, and some are victims of bonded labor. There are also many Christians belonging to the middle class, but their economic status doesn’t save them from being marginalized or persecuted. The country’s notorious blasphemy laws target religious minorities (including Muslim minorities), but affect the Christian minority in particular, not just the poor.

Christians in Pakistan are dwindling since 2005 under islamic rule to less than 2.5 million or less than 1.5% of the population; 1.4 million are Catholic. Many have emigrated to Europe; most of them to England.

Islamabad, Aug.2.“The speech of Prime Minister Imran Khan is very encouraging and gives new hope to the religious minorities living in Pakistan. In the past also the leaderships said such nice words but were not able to fulfill them.” This is what Bishop Samson Shukardin OFM, at the head of the Catholic Diocese of Hyderabad said to Fides News Agency. “We were born and brought up in Pakistan,” added the Bishop, “but we still do not get equal rights, it is a sad reality. I hope and pray that the Prime Minister can really put his declarations of intent into practice, since as religious minority in Pakistan we need the protection of our people and places of worship.”

The Franciscan bishop declares, however, that he appreciates the initiatives and provisions that the government led by Imran Khan is already implementing for the benefit of religious minorities.

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India criminaliza el ‘divorcio exprés’ musulmán

Diciendo “talaq, talaq, talaq” un musulmán indio se podía divorciar de forma automática de su esposa.  

20 países musulmanes ya han prohibido esta práctica

Barcelona, Jul.31.– Así de fácil era para un hombre musulmán en India divorciarse de su mujer. En su presencia, por correo, llamada telefónica o hasta por Whatsapp. Si pronunciaba o escribía “me divorcio” en árabe tres veces (no necesariamente consecutivas), quedaba libre de toda obligación con su esposa. La dejaba en la calle. Hasta ayer, cuando el Parlamento indio aprobó una “histórica” ley que criminaliza el triple talaq, una práctica que no está recogida en la sharia ni en el Coran pero que se calcula que afecta al 67% de las musulmanas divorciadas en el país.

La aprobación de la ley, que impone penas de hasta tres años de cárcel, representa una victoria para el partido nacionalista hinduista del primer ministro Narendra Modi, promotor de la iniciativa. El Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) no agrupaba los votos suficientes, pero lograron que el proyecto pasara en un segundo intento gracias a la ausencia de una decena de parlamentarios opositores y la abstención de otro partido.

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Michelle Bachelet, Nicolás Maduro, and the Report on Human Rights in Venezuela

The U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, fielded reactions to a new U.N. report documenting torture and extrajudicial executions in Venezuela.

New York, July 23.– Michelle Bachelet, the former President of Chile who now serves as the United Nations’ High Commissioner for Human Rights, gave an Maduro welcomes Bachelet in CaracasMaduro welcomes Bachelet in Caracasinterview last November to the journalist Fernando del Rincón, of CNN en Español, to discuss the crisis in Venezuela. He began by asking about two letters she had recently received—one from family members of dozens of political prisoners, the other from the parents of young protesters who had been killed by security forces—requesting that she personally visit Venezuela to report on the human-rights violations committed by the government of President Nicolás Maduro. Bachelet told him that these were not the only letters she had received making that request. “Today, I also got an official invitation to visit Venezuela,” she said, from Maduro’s government. Rincón, who was visibly surprised, asked if, in accepting Maduro’s invitation, she could be seen as collaborating with the government, and noted that “accepting this invitation is accepting the invitation of the person accused of violating human rights.” Bachelet replied that she wanted to sit down with every side. “Listen, I’ve had many years of experience,” she added. “I’ve been Secretary and President of my country, I’ve worked with many governments and people from civil society, and I think it would be wrong to say that, because I am invited by one or the other, I would be non-objective.”

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Do Chinese authorities respect human rights of Xinjiang's Turkmen population?

Erdogan’s Risky China Gamble: Official Turkish delegation to inspect troubled Xinjiang.

Xinjiang in Central AsiaXinjiang in Central Asia Ankara, July 19.– An official Turkish visit to the troubled north-western Chinese province of Xinjiang to assess reports of a brutal crackdown on the region’s Turkic Muslims is politically charged terrain.

On the one hand, it could shape Turkey’s challenge to conservative Gulf states’ leadership of the Islamic world. In particular, Turkish assertiveness on the Uighur matter could complicate Muslim silence about the most frontal assault on their faith in recent history. On the other hand, such assertiveness would greatly complicate Turkey’s relations with China.

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Bután y su condenable violación de los derechos humanos

El Reino de Bután es un pequeño país (apenas 40.994km² y una población de menos de 800.000 habitantes) situado en la Cordillera del Himalaya, el cual limita al Sur con la India y al Norte con el Tíbet (un país invadido por China en 1959 y colonizado por la fuerza).

Pese a su precaria situación entre dos gigantes, ha logrado mantener su independencia gobernado por una monaquía constitucional desde su capital, Timbu. Esta independencia se logró gradualmente durante el siglo XX desde la elección de un rey por una asamblea compuesta por monjes budistas en 1907, hasta la creación de un Consejo Real Consultivo en 1965, la formación de un gabinete de gobierno en 1968 y la admisión a las Naciones Unidas en 1971.

Aunque la cultura budista ha sido predominante a través de toda su historia, el pacifismo proverbial del budismo no se ha reflejado en la hostilidad desatada contra las minorías cristiana y nepalesa, a las que ha violado y sigue violando abiertamente Bandera de ButánBandera de Butánsus derechos humanos.

La cruda realidad de esta agresividad contra las minorías en su territorio contradice la iniciativa del rey Jigme Singye Wanhuck en 1972, quien propuso entonces a las Naciones Unidas la creación de un índice de Felicidad Nacional Bruta (FNB) para medir la calidad de vida, para reemplazar las mediciones del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB), a fin de no concentrar los análisis del progreso de cada país sólo en factores económicos sino hacerlo bajo una óptica budista que midiera la igualdad en el desarrollo, la preservación de la cultura, la espiritualidad y la conservación del ambiente, como factores que ayudan a la felicidad de un pueblo.

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